Working paper

Social Trust Formation in the Workplace: Applying the Job Strain Model to Explain Variations in Social Trust Levels among Employed Individuals

Year:

2019

Published in:

Munich Personal RePEc Archive
Social trust; job strain model; job characteristics; workplace properties; multilevel analysis

This study applies the job strain model (JDC-S) to social trust to analyze how workplace characteristics influence social trust formation patterns. By defining the “workplace” as consisting of (1) workload, (2) control, and (3) social support, the JDC-S model predicts job demands to inversely relate to social trust, whereas job control and social support to positively affect trust among the employed. We utilize the sample of 60250 respondents from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) public-use data to operationalize the three components and to link them to social trust scores. Our analysis provides strong empirical evidence that the three factors are not only associated with trust among employed individuals but that their impact is also contingent on the respondents’ sex and age.

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